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Sandra August 17, 2022

Important VITAMINS and MINERALS for Parrots

One of the most common problems avian vets see with pet birds is malnutrition. A healthy diet full of variety is essential for our pet birds. A good quality pellet is one thing, but fresh veggies, grains, legumes and fruit are a whole different ball game! 

Processed foods will lack vitamins A & E, beta carotene, and some B vitamins, essential for your bird's overall well-being and good health. 

When birds become deficient in vitamins and minerals, they can get sick and have health complications. Birds on a seed diet commonly have deficiencies.


Vitamin A

This is probably the most common vitamin deficiency. Vitamin A is fat-soluble and responsible for growth and development, hormone production, immune system response, good vision and more!

Foods rich in vitamin A:
  • Bell Peppers
  • Spinach
  • Broccoli
  • Bok Choy
  • Carrots
  • Green Beans
  • Kale
  • Pumpkin Seeds

Vitamin D

Birds get vitamin D from the sun just like we do! But our pet birds are indoors more than wild birds, so they don't get enough sunlight. Vitamin D aids in absorbing and using other nutrients like Calcium.

How to get Vitamin D:

  • Feed organic pellets like Harrison's Bird Food that have vitamin D 
  • Install a UV light above your bird's aviary; ensure the bulbs produces both UVA and UVB light.


Calcium and Vitamin D go together like peanut butter and jelly! Calcium is needed for things like egg production, healthy bones, healthy brain function and more. 

Foods rich in Calcium:

  • Broccoli
  • Bokchoy
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Butternut squash
  • Cabbage
  • Collards
  • Chia Seeds
  • Green Beans
  • Kale
  • Spinach
  • Brazil Nuts
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Almonds

There are also calcium supplements available that your avian vet can recommend. 

Other vitamins: B, E, K, and C and Amino acids 

Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. These are necessary for feather, bone, muscle, enzyme, and hormone formation. 

Ensuring your bird has a healthy diet with loads of veggies and a variety of grains, legumes, eggs, pellets etc., will ensure they get all their vitamins. Green leafy greens are a great choice!

To treat deficiencies, visit your avian vet and switch your bird to a healthy whole food diet that includes chop loaded with veggies and goodness!